The most recent crash data available from the State of New York for New York City is from 2013, released in September of 2014. The statistics create a picture of motor vehicle accidents, injuries and deaths on the streets of New York.
In addition to reporting the numbers of accidents, injuries and deaths, the state data shows when accidents occur, the ages of those injured or killed and other data that helps tell the story of accidents in NYC.
For example, the statistics cover:
- Day when accident occurred
- Time of day when accident occurred
- The investigating agency – state, county or municipal police
- Type of crash – single vehicle, two vehicles, or three or more vehicles
- Contributing factors in the crash
- Age of driver
- Gender of driver
- Ages of persons killed
- Whether passengers and drivers were wearing seat belts
- Whether motorcyclists and bicyclists were wearing helmets
- Whether approved child restraints were used
Day and Time: Fridays and Saturdays
Based on these numbers, the most common injury accidents happen on a Friday between 3 and 6 PM. Slightly more fatal accidents occur on Saturdays between 9 PM and 12 POM and 3 AM to 6 AM. The vast majority of accidents of all types are investigated by the New York City Police Department. Overall, almost 64 percent of all crashes involved two vehicles. However, a majority of fatal crashes, almost 63 percent, were single vehicle crashes.
Age and Gender
The most common contributing factor in fatal crashes was unsafe speed, while personal injury accidents were most frequently caused by driver inattention and distraction. Male drivers between the age of 25 and 29 were the most likely to be involved in either a fatal or a personal injury crash. Slightly younger women, between the ages of 21 and 24, were most frequently driving when fatal crashes occurred. Like men, however, women between the ages of 25 and 29 were most frequently the drivers in personal injury accidents. The ages of individuals killed or injured – both drivers and passengers – were also most likely to be between the ages of 25 and 29. Men were more than twice as likely to be involved in motor vehicle accidents.
Not using seatbelts was an important element of fatal crashes, although almost as many people who were using seatbelts died. Overall, however, almost 56 percent of drivers and passengers involved in accidents overall were wearing seatbelts, indicating that seatbelts do save lives. The relationship of fatal motorcycle crashes to helmet wearing is not so clear-cut; the majority of people killed or seriously injured in motorcycle accidents were wearing helmets. Wearing helmets seems to be much more important for bicyclists; people were more likely to be killed or seriously injured if they were not wearing helmets.